BTC ( BITCOIN )
Bitcoin is a crypto and digital payment system invented by an unknown programmer, or group of programmers, under the name Satoshi Nakamoto, which was released in 2009 as open-source software. These transactions are verified by network nodes and recorded in a distributed public ledger called "blockchain". As the system operates without a centralised entity or a single administrator, bitcoin is called the first decentralised digital currency. Bitcoin can be exchanged for other currencies, products and services in the markets. As of February 2015, already more than 100,000 merchants and suppliers have accepted Bitcoin as payment. In July 2016, the DIGYCODE refill sale became established in France in order to buy Bitcoin in tobacconists. According to a study produced by the University of Cambridge in 2017, there are 2.9 to 5.8 million unique users using a crypto wallet, the majority of them using Bitcoin.
Emission: 21,000,000 BTC Official
White Paper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
ETH ( ETHEREUM )
Ethereum is a public (open-source) distributed computing platform based on a "blockchain" and based on intelligent contracts (scripts), which facilitates online contractual agreements. Ethereum also provides a token or token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts. The "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network. It is listed under the diminutive ETH and traded on trading platforms such as ZEBITEX.
Official website: https://www.ethereum.org/
White Paper: https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper
USDT ( TETHER )
USDT is a crypto emitted at its beginnings on the Bitcoin blockchain via the Omni Layer protocol, it now also exists on the Ethereum network in ERC20 as well as on the Tron network. Each USDT unit is backed by one US dollar held in the reserves of the company "Tether Limited". USDT and other Tether currencies were created to facilitate the transfer of national currencies, to provide users with a stable alternative to Bitcoin. USDT offers an alternative to the methods of proving creditworthiness by introducing a process of proof of reserves. In the Tether Proof of Reserves system, the amount of USDT in circulation can be easily verified on the Bitcoin blockchain via the tools provided on Omnichest.info, while the corresponding total amount of reserves held in USD (US $) is proven by the publication of the bank balance and by periodic serious audits.
Official website: https://tether.to/
LTC ( LITECOIN )
Litecoin is a peer-to-peer and open source crypto software project published under the MIT/X11 license. The creation and transfer of parts is based on an open source cryptographic protocol and is not managed by any central authority. Although inspired by, and in most respects technically almost identical to Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin has some technical improvements over Bitcoin, and most other major cryptos, such as the adoption of the separate witness. Litecoin also has a very low transaction cost and verifies transactions approximately four times faster than Bitcoin.
Issuance: 84,000,000 LTC
Official website: https://litecoin.org/
White Paper: https://github.com/litecoin-project
BAT ( BASIC ATTENTION TOKEN )
BAT is a token for decentralised advertising exchanges. It compensates for the browser user's attention while protecting privacy. BAT connects advertisers, publishers and users and is defined by relevant user attention, while eliminating the social and economic costs associated with existing advertising networks, such as fraud, privacy breaches and malicious advertising. BAT is a payment system that rewards and protects the user while providing better conversion for advertisers and higher returns for publishers. We see BAT and associated technologies as a future part of web standards, solving the important problem of monetising publishers' content while protecting user privacy with its brave browser.
Issue: 1,500,000,000 BAT
Official website: https://basicattentiontoken.org/
BNT ( BANCOR )
The Bancor protocol is a blockchain-based discovery system and liquidity mechanism that supports multiple smart contract platforms. The flexibility of these blockchains allows the tokens or token in reserve to be locked and smart tokens to be issued on the Bancor system allowing anyone to instantly buy or liquidate the smart token in exchange for one of their reserve tokens. The BNT is the first smart token on the Bancor system and it will hold a single Ether reserve. Other smart tokens, using the BNT as one of their reserves, connect to the BNT network. The BNT establishes a network dynamic where increased demand for one of the smart tokens in the network increases the demand for the common BNT, which benefits all other smart tokens holding it in reserve.
Issuance: 68,080,614 NTOs
Official website: https://www.bancor.network/discover
CVC ( CIVIC )
Civic is a decentralised identity ecosystem that allows secure access, access on demand to identity verification at a lower cost thanks to the blockchain. Through a digital identity platform, users can create their own virtual identity and store it with their personal identifiable information on the device. This information will be subject to a verification process conducted by identity validators on the platform and then transferred to the blockchain where service providers can access it with the appropriate authorization from the user. CVC is a token or token based on Ethereum it is an ERC20 used by Service Providers seeking information about a user. They can make a payment in CVC. The smart contract system used will then see the funds handed over to both the validator and the identity owner (user).
Issuance: 1,000,000,000 HVF
Official website: https://www.civic.com/
DAI ( DAI )
The Dai Stablecoin is a guaranteed crypto that is stable in value against the US dollar just like the USDT and we believe that stable digital assets such as the Dai Stablecoin are essential to realise the full potential of blockchain technology. Maker is its intelligent contractual platform on Ethereum that supports and stabilises the value of Dai through a dynamic system of Collateralized Debt Positions (CDPs), autonomous return mechanisms and motivated external players. Once generated, Dai can be used in the same way as any other crypto: it can be freely sent to others, used as payment for goods and services, or held to keep a stable value.
Official website: https://makerdao.com
DASH ( DASH )
Dash is a peer-to-peer and open source crypto with a strong focus on the payments industry. Dash offers a form of money that is anonymous, portable, inexpensive and fast. It can be spent securely online and in person with minimal transaction fees. Based on the Bitcoin project, Dash aims to become the world's most user-friendly and scalable payment system. In addition to all of Bitcoin's functionality, Dash currently includes a second layer network of masternodes to facilitate InstantSend, PrivateSend and governance functions to create a self-managed and self-funded network capable of paying individuals and businesses for work that adds value to Dash. This decentralised system of governance and budgeting makes it one of the first decentralised autonomous organisations to succeed.
Issue: 18,900,000 DASH
Official website: https://www.dash.org/
DOGE ( DOGECOIN )
Dogecoin is a crypto focused on real usefulness as a currency with its Shiba Inu logo that gives sympathy to a popular Japanese breed dog. With fast validation times and very low fees Dogecoin is a suitable solution for micro-transactions but also as a payment option for online shops. Dogecoin has been adopted as such by online retailers and can be easily used as a means of transferring money from consumer to consumer.
It is often used for donations and rewards.
Official website: https://dogecoin.com/
ELF ( AELF )
Aelf, is a decentralised and scalable cloud computing network. To establish a blockchain infrastructure for various business requirements, Aelf provides a highly efficient multi-channel parallel processing system with cross-channel communication and self-scaling governance. It provides three innovations: scalable nodes on computer clusters, resource isolation for smart contracts via "one chain" to "one smart contract" and token or token holder voting. ELF tokens are used to pay for resource costs in the system, such as smart contract deployment, operation and system upgrades (transaction fees, data transfer costs between chains). It also allows the community to vote on important decisions, such as the election of nodes, the introduction of new features in the system and other important decisions.
Issuance: ELF 880,000,000
Official website: https://aelf.io/
White Paper: https://aelf.io/gridcn/aelf_whitepaper_FR.pdf?v=1
ETHOS ( ETHOS )
Ethos aims to create a human-sized crypto services company to demystify blockchain technology and break down traditional barriers to entry by removing decades-old barriers for consumers and businesses. Ethos' mission is to make the crypto market accessible and reliable for the average user, accelerate the adoption and democratise the ownership of traditional cryptos and financial assets. By enabling the average participant to easily and securely purchase cryptographic currency and other financial assets, and to have an environment to learn and exchange with others, Ethos contributes to making the new economy easy, secure and accessible to all. We hope to synthesise many of the needs of the new economy into a unique and user-friendly ecosystem.
Issue: 222 295 208 ETHOS
Official website: https://www.ethos.io/
White Paper: https://www.ethos.io/Ethos_Whitepaper.pdf
GNT ( GOLEM )
Golem is a supercomputer, open source, decentralised and accessible to all. It consists of the combined power of the users' machines, from PCs to complete data center. Golem is capable of computing a wide variety of tasks, from CGI rendering, through machine learning to scientific computing. Golem's limits are only defined by the creativity of our developer community. Golem creates a decentralised economy of shared computing power and provides software developers with a flexible, reliable and inexpensive source of computing power. Golem allows users and applications (applicants) to rent the machine cycles of other users (suppliers). Any user, whether a single PC owner or a large data centre, can share resources via Golem and be paid in GNT (Golem Network Tokens) by the requesters. Golem uses a transaction system based on Ethereum to settle payments between suppliers, applicants and software developers. All calculations take place in a sandbox and are completely isolated from the host system. Software developers are at the centre of the Golem ecosystem. Their "Application Registration and Transaction Framework" allows anyone to deploy, distribute and monetise applications in the Golem network.
Issuance: 1,000,000,000 GNT
Official website: https://golem.network/
HOT ( HOLO )
Holo is a framework for creating fully distributed peer-to-peer applications. Holochain is not a blockchain simply because the blockchain uses a data-centric approach, on the contrary, Holo uses an agent-centric approach. The blockchain keeps the same register and is shared by all nodes in the network. With Holochain, each agent manages its own data. Holochain then uses a distributed hash table (DHT) such as BitTorrent or IPFS to share the content and ensure that these entries are always available, even if some nodes are offline. Holo adds distributed validation to manage the data and ensure that the data is correct and the network is secure. Finally, Holo uses a proof of service algorithm to serve applications to others and provide the correct data. All these attributes make Holo extensible to infinity.
Issue: 177,619,433,541 HOT
Official website: https://holochain.org/
IOST ( INTERNET OF SERVICES )
IOST is building an ultra-high TPS blockchain infrastructure to meet the security and scalability needs of a decentralised economy. Led by a team of proven founders and supported by world-class investors, our mission is to be the underlying architecture for the future of online services.
Issuance: 21,000,000,000 IOST
Official website: https://iost.io/
White Paper: https://github.com/iost-official/Documents
LINK ( CHAINLINK )
Chainlink (LINK) is a decentralised network that provides information (called Oracles) to intelligent contracts. Founded in 2017 by Sergey Nazarov and Steve Ellis, Chainlink aims to solve the problem of supplying off-chain information through intelligent contracts for their execution parameters. Smart contracts are designed to be executed automatically when certain parameters are met, but when these parameters exist off-chain, reliance is placed on information sources (oracles) to provide the necessary information. Off-chain oracles tend to be centralised and rely on a third party to provide critical information in a reliable and timely manner. ChainLink aims to break this dependency by providing information to intelligent contracts via a network of decentralised oracles that work together on the Blockchain Link to verify and transmit critical information to those contracts. The ChainLink network enables users who have either a data stream or PLC-carrying information to easily provide information to smart contracts in exchange for the LINK token.
Issuance: 1,000,000,000 LINK
Official website: https://chain.link/
White Paper: https://link.smartcontract.com/whitepaper
LOOM ( LOOM NETWORK )
Loom Network is a Layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum which is a Delegated Demonstration Side Chain Network ("DPoS"), enabling highly scalable games and user-oriented DApps while benefiting from Ethereum's security. Main features of the loom. Loom SDK: the fundamental element of Loom Network is an SDK that allows developers to quickly build their own blockchain without having to understand the infrastructure of the blockchain - a "build your own blockchain" generator. Shared sub-chains : a network of high-speed, interconnected sidechains, such as GameChain and SocialChain, which use Ethereum as the base layer. PlasmaChain: a Layer-2 hub that connects multiple Ethereum sidechains, enabling faster and cheaper transactions and a more efficient chain for developers to deploy their DApps. Delegated Pile Proof: Loom supports out-of-the-box DPoS, enabling Apps to adapt to gasless transactions and transaction times of less than one second. Online games and social applications are the first two types of DApps Loom is focusing on, but developers can build any type of DApp using the Loom SDK. Plasma Security on Ethereum: Loom inherits the security of Ethereum's core network on its Layer 2 side chains using Plasma Cash relays to transfer assets between chains.
Issue: 1,000,000,000 LOOM
Official website: https://loomx.io/
LRC ( Loopring )
Loopring is an open protocol for evolutionary and decentralised exchanges . Loopring 3.0 is our newest, fastest and most visionary protocol. Loopring 3.0 can settle up to 1,400 transactions per second while guaranteeing the same level of security as the underlying Ethereum chain. This is made possible by the use of a construct called zkRollup, and a feature called "Chain Data Availability, or OCDA". If OCDA is disabled, the loopring throughput can be up to 10,500 transactions per second, but the security is reduced to that of the consortium maintaining the data. The average settlement cost for each transaction with Loopring 3.0 is as low as US$0.002, which covers the gas for Ethereum transactions and the cost of proof generation on cloud computing platforms. DEX can further reduce the cost of payment by using cheaper servers in the cloud and GPU-based algorithms.
ssuance: 1,375,076,040 LRC
Official website: https://loopring.org/
White Paper: https://github.com/Loopring/whitepaper
BTU ( BTU PROTOCOL )
BTU is a token designed as an universal digital reward. It is distributed directly by companies to automate a reward following a purchase or a business contribution. BTU is elusive, never expires, and freely transferable or exchangeable 24 hours a day, 7 days a week while respecting privacy. BTU is used by different brands in different countries, BTU is universal. For example, BTU is offered by many e-merchants in the mobile application Verso (https://get-verso.com). For businesses, BTU offers software that accelerates the adoption of blockchain and crypto assets. BTU and associated technologies provide a reward programme that is simple to join, universal and brings real value to users.
Issue: 100,000,000 BTU
Official website: https://btu-protocol.com
White Paper: https://www.btu-protocol.com/pdf/whitepaper.pdf
Uniris disrupts the way people make transactions by removing credit cards, passwords and IDs, with a forgery-proof identification system based on the encrypted vein network and an upgradeable blockchain, you can safely access any network (payments, IoT, digital IDs, etc.) with the tip of your finger.
Issue: 10,000,000,000 UCO
Official website: https://uniris.io/
White Paper: https://uniris.io/UNIRIS-White-Paper.pdf